Principles of Circularly Polarized Luminescence

Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy

Principles of Circularly Polarized Luminescence
Figure 1 Difference between CD and CPL

Introduction to Circularly Polarized Luminescence

Circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy is widely used in the study of optically active substances. In recent years, circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) spectroscopy has also attracted a great deal of attention. Whereas CD spectroscopy provides information about the structure of optically active substances in the ground electronic state, CPL spectroscopy provides information about excited states. The two methods are therefore complementary to each other.

Materials that exhibit circularly polarized luminescence are currently being actively investigated for applications in fields such as liquid crystal display backlights, three-dimensional (3D) displays, holographic displays, light sources for controlling plant growth, and security systems for optical communications and printing. It is therefore important to identify molecules that emit one-handed circularly polarized light (CPL) with a high quantum yield.

CPL spectra contain important information such as the stable structure of excited molecules, and the behavior of these molecules in chemical reactions that involve an intermediate excited state. Generally, fluorescence signals from a sample are weak and CPL signals are even weaker, making them difficult to detect.

The JASCO CPL-300 achieves high sensitivity for detecting such weak CPL signals and allows measurements to be performed over a wide wavelength range.

Optical System

Light from a light source is first passed through a monochromator, and the sample is then irradiated by non-polarized light. The left- and right-handed circularly polarized fluorescence emitted by the sample is alternately linearly polarized at a frequency of 50 kHz using a PEM.

A polarizer is placed at the back of the PEM, and the polarized fluorescence is transmitted synchronously with the modulation of the PEM, and is passed through a monochromator and then detected by a detector.

Principles of Circularly Polarized Luminescence Optical System
Figure 2 CPL-300 - Optical System
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